Breeding Fritillaries


The current selection of cultivated fritillary varieties dates back centuries; the average age is without any doubt 300 years. The oldest cultivated varieties date back to the beginning of the seventeenth century. This indicates that these varieties possess a certain quality. On top of that, it must be possible to create new varieties with improved qualities.

The first cross-fertilisation between existing varieties of fritillaries was created by us in 1979. Our latest acquisition, Orange Beauty (PBR), was created in 1991 and protected by breeders rights in 2011. Around 1988 we acquired a set of related botanical species, which gave the improvement a huge impulse. These botanical species, related to the fritillary, possess qualities such as resistance against Fusarium, lack of odour and seedling vigour; qualities the fritillary lacks.

The improvement is aimed at the development of types suitable for the cut flower production and for planting in gardens. For the cut flower production it is of high importance that new species can be easily forced in the greenhouse in the spring. When setting up cross-fertilisation programmes the quality concerning the odour also had a priority; the plants are not supposed to smell too profusely.


This resulted in the introduction of our first new fritillary in 2004: Garland Star (PBR). Garland Star (PBR) is an orange-red cultivated variety which excels mainly in its firmness and the large amount of flowers compared to the small size of the bulb. For the bulb producer it is of great interest that the bulbs grow well and that Garland Star (PBR) can be easily reproduced. Nowadays, this new cultivated variety is already being cultivated by a dozen growers. The variety rights were given to Garland Star (PBR) in 2005.

Orange Beauty (PBR) got its variety rights in 2011. Orange Beauty (PBR) has orange-red flowers and is both an asset to the garden plants as it is suitable for forcing. Orange Beauty (PBR) has a less strong odour because one of the parents is odorless and is thereformore suitible as a cut-flower.


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1 and 2 year old seedlings 5 and 6 year old seedlings


For the improvement of fritillaries suitable to be planted in gardens, the selection mainly focused on the firmness, the number of flowers and flowering time. Below is a sequence of pictures of promising new acquisitions. These new acquisitions are still in their testing phase.

Helenak Ru x F. chik zaailing 1k
Helena Ru x F. chi Seedling 3
zaailing 2k zaailing 3k overzicht veldk
Seedling 2 Seedling 3 Overvieuw field